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ICRP Publication 111, entitled Application of the Commission’s Recommendations to the Protection of People Living in Long-term Contaminated Areas after a Nuclear Accident or a Radiation Emergency, provides guidance for the protection of people living in such areas. Although the focus is on radiation protection, the publication also recognizes the complexity of post-accident situations, which cannot be managed without addressing all the affected aspects of daily life, including the environmental, health, economic, social, psychological, cultural, ethical and political domains.
The publication stresses the direct involvement of the affected population and local professionals for the rehabilitation of living conditions, and the management of the situation, and the responsibility of authorities at both the national and local levels to create the conditions and provide the means for the population’s involvement and empowerment. The role of radiation monitoring, health surveillance, and the management of contaminated foodstuffs and other commodities is described from this perspective.